The Typical Indian Psyche of Gender
The world’s largest democracy; a population of over a billion people; 29 states each with its diverse culture; and yet, a question that breaks a sweat on most Indians' countenance, is it a boy or a girl? Social stratification, gender inequality, female inferiority, and a system of patriarchy is widespread and has contaminated the nation. It’s paradoxical how, the same citizens that resemble their nation with a figure of a mother, have something as binary as gender, control the levels of rights and freedom. In the recent past, the situation has mellowed down by a huge extent, however, these beliefs and values are still instilled into the stigma of most uneducated Indians. This is the typical Indian psyche of gender.
Being a country of demographic diversity, India has multiple perspectives and beliefs on gender discrimination. Fortunately, with the help of multifarious female significant individuals, practices like sati and widow immolation were banned. However, the minor issues still prevail. The literacy rate ratio of men to women stands at 76% : 54%. Many young girls are subject to child marriage, sexual assualt, lack of education, child labour, and more. These issues have been prominent in most parts of the country for uncountable years and yet there is minimal action taken against it. There are multiple factors that have weakened basic government programs that look at strengthening women empowerment, the biggest one being corruption. However, the problem starts at home and in the mindsets of some Indian citizens.
Women discrimination in India can occur at any stage of life - as an infant, as a child, or after marriage. As an infant, girls may go through harsh brutality or hostility. This is mainly because in many uneducated or lower class families, girls are looked at as a liability, a human that adds no monetary value to the family, a source of wasting money. Sadly, the implementation of this ideology ultimately results in either selective abortions, homicide of female infants, or abandonment of female infants. Due to a rise in female abortions, the government in 1994 legally banned prenatal sex discernment, yet there is a preference for a male child in the family. As a child, young girls can be subject to child marriages, lack of nutrition, no attention to health, lack of education and more. These result in diseases like anemia and simultaneously prevent them from reaching their full growth potential. Education for female children has minimal importance even after multiple government policies. Most of the money provided for these initiatives go straight into the pockets of corrupt officials. After marriage, women are in the arms of their husband or in-laws and unfortunately, many times domestic abuse takes place.
Women discrimination has been an issue of importance in India since the time the British left, however, there is no light provided to these issues of social stratification. Multiple women in India have aspirations, ambitions, and goals to reach somewhere, but social stigma, patriarchal mindsets, and lack of education lead them to being nothing but home-makers. In the recent past, there has been an immense amount of improvement but the issue has not been resolved yet. It is shocking to see how the female gender, the procreator, the caring mother, the future of society, the giver; face such sickening hindrances that stop them from reaching their maximum potential only because they are subject to the typical Indian psyche. It is vital that society helps these girls who are at risk. Through charities such as EMPOW3R girls can escape a rough life through education.
By: Prerit Khivesara
Revised by: Rayyan Ahmed
https://www.census.gov/library/publications/1998/demo/wid98-1.html https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4539864/ https://www.thehindu.com/thread/arts-culture-society/is-it-possible-some-women-dont-want-to-be-free-of-patriarc hy/article22635214.ece https://time.com/5614642/india-girls-education/ http://saarthakindia.org/womens_situation_India.html