India's Gender Pay Gap

In a country where male children are preferred to female children, it is obvious that there is a pay gap due to gender. Out of India’s entire population, about 52% are male and 48% are female. In India there are more male workers in the market and employers tend to hire them over female workers. This is because of a variety of reasons namely women require maternity leave, they are not as highly educated as men, they have work restrictions from families and more. The gender pay gap has been an alarming issue around the world, however, in India, it has been exponentially rising and now has become an issue of utmost importance.
Furthermore, the gender pay gap has only strengthened the case for gender discrimination, female inferiority, and social stigma issues in India. Whilst multifarious activists and policymakers have tried their hardest to force a change, the issue still prevails. Gender pay gap in India differs at different levels of work and occupation and in different states of the nation. The state of Bihar has the highest percentage of gender pay gap (37%) while Uttarakhand hosts the lowest percentage (9%). Additionally, most female workers in India prefer occupations that require skilled or high skilled work. This is mainly because these workers are highly educated and belong to educated families. On the other hand, the rest do not get their right to education and thus don’t work or fall straight into the poverty trap. Female workers in skilled or high skilled occupations, face issues regarding wage disparity, and experience the pay gap due to gender. This is because of the legislation and law procedures, additional leaves that women require, or just plain and simple discrimination.


However, as years have passed, female workers have come up with new ways and systems to best eradicate gender pay gaps. In India, to bridge the gap between wages female workers have started by spreading awareness about these issues. Most women in India are not educated and do not have an idea about the gender pay gap issues that exist. Secondly, women workers have started communicating and standing up for themselves in front of the company and their respective human resource teams. They have started demanding higher wages and it has proven to be successful. Lastly, female workers have started dividing household chores equally. Females want the other gender to look after grandparents and children as well and thus these techniques have substantially reduced the gender pay gap in the nation.


Nevertheless, the issue is far from resolved. In multiple states, gender discrimination and gender pay gap holds little importance. The best way to reach to the core of the issue is for government officials to start creating policies and enforcing law upon those enacting gender pay gaps for illogical reasons. 

By: Prerit Khivesara

Revised by: Rayyan Ahmed

Sources

https://www.livemint.com/money/personal-finance/what-is-gender-pay-gap-and-why-is-it-so- wide-in-india-11575356633900.html https://www.shrm.org/shrm-india/pages/gender-pay-gap-in-india-legal-considerations.aspx https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/magazines/panache/gender-pay-gap-still-high-women -in-india-earn-19-pc-less-than-men-report/articleshow/68302223.cms https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/wealth/earn/how-women-can-bridge-the-large-gender- pay-gap/articleshow/74414900.cms?from=mdr https://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/gender-wage-gap-highest-in-india- women-are-paid-30-less-than-men-ilo-118112701048_1.html https://www.livemint.com/money/personal-finance/what-women-need-to-do-to-beat-gender-p ay-gap-1555342653263.html


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